How to Be Zero Waste at Home — Tips for Reducing Waste Around the House

How to make your home zero-waste, from the kitchen to the bathroom.

Sophie Hirsh - Author

Aug. 16 2019, Updated 2:56 p.m. ET

zero waste home
Source: istock

Once you become aware of our overconsumption of single-use plastic, the abundance of trash humans are producing, and how all that affects the climate crisis, you may start feeling really overwhelmed. Luckily, there’s a pretty great way to combat that — going zero waste.

But wait — isn’t living trash-free even more overwhelming than just ignoring the trash problem? I totally feel you. Scaling 4.4 pounds of trash a day (what the average American produces) to zero pounds a day sounds like a lofty task. However, if you gradually ease yourself in, you’ll find that producing less trash is a lot easier, more accessible, and cheaper than you may think.

Plus, it’s important to remember that producing “zero waste” is just a goal. And for that reason, some people in the sustainable living community instead call the movement “low waste” or “low impact.” Things are often out of our control — sometimes I ask for no straw, but the waiter gives me one anyway. And sometimes, life gets in the way — no matter how many zero-waste snacks I may pack, I could still get hungry, and have to buy food wrapped in plastic. But that's OK — because being zero waste is not about perfection, but about doing your best to make a difference.

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How to Go Zero-Waste at Home

That being said, a great place to start your zero-waste journey is in your home. So if you’re interested in producing less trash, reducing your environmental impact, and saving money, read on for ideas on how to lower your waste all around the house. 

Keep in mind that no one could suddenly start doing everything on this list overnight. Going zero waste is a process, so start with just one thing at a time.

Use What You Have

The most zero-waste thing you can buy is… nothing. Before filling your Amazon cart with reusable produce bags, stainless steel straws, and mason jars, look at what you already have in your house that can help you reduce your consumption of single-use items. 

Zero-Waste Stores

That said, there are more and more zero-waste stores popping up across the globe all the time, and browsing these shops can be a great way to get an idea of what zero-waste products people are buying. Let that inspire you to make better use of items you already have, come up with DIY alternatives, buy secondhand options, or treat yourself to a few new zero-waste items that will help ease your transition.

Zero-waste stores around the world include Unpackaged (a zero-waste grocery shop in London), Naked Foods (a zero-waste grocery store in Melbourne), Karma Co-Op (a zero-waste co-op in Toronto), EcoSouk (a zero-waste shop in Lebanon), and Package Free Shop (a zero-waste lifestyle shop in Brooklyn). There’s also Lush, an international chain where you can buy naked bars of soap, shampoo, conditioner, lotion, and more.

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Zero-Waste Online Brands

If you don’t have any specifically zero-waste shops in your area but you’re still interested in checking out what these stores have to offer, there are a bunnch of online stores that specialize in zero-waste lifestyle items and groceries. For zero-waste lifestyle products, check out Zero Waste Cartel, Life Without Plastic, Tiny Yellow Bungalow, and Wild Minimalist. For low-waste online groceries, check out TerraCycle’s new company Loop, and The Wally Shop if you live in Brooklyn.

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Zero-Waste Grocery Shopping

Luckily, it’s possible to go low-waste grocery shopping at any supermarket — no fancy zero-waste grocery store required. If your store has a bulk section (even some Walmart stores have bulk bins these days!), bringing your own containers or bags and filling them up with the bulk bins is a great way to stock up on staples like rice, dry beans, nuts, flour, and more. Click here for our guide on shopping the bulk bins.

Even if you don’t have access to a store with a bulk section, there are still plenty of ways to reduce the plastic waste in your grocery routine — click here for our guide on zero-waste shopping in a conventional grocery store.

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Zero-Waste Cooking

If you do these two things, you’ll never have a stinky garbage can again: reduce your food waste, and start composting. Click the links for our guides on reducing food waste in your kitchen, and composting in any living situation.

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Zero-Waste Makeup, Beauty, and Skincare

If you’re into DIY, the internet is filled with resources for creating your own zero-waste makeup from household ingredients. However, if you’d rather spend more time applying your makeup than making it, check out zero-waste makeup brands like Elate Cosmetics, Clean-Faced Cosmetics, Dirty Hippie Cosmetics, and Kjaer Weis. For low-waste skincare and other personal hygiene products, check out Meow Meow Tweet and Osea Malibu.

Those brands — as well as most beauty brands that claim to be zero waste — package their items in fully recyclable or compostable materials like bamboo, cardboard, glass, and metal. Some companies even offer refills or recycling programs, which is pretty awesome.

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Zero-Waste Hair Care: Shampoo, Conditioner, and Body Wash

Instead of filling your shower with plastic bottles of shampoo, conditioner, and body wash, give bars a shot. Lush sells bar versions of those items, as well as bars of lotion, deodorant, and more. Another great option is Ethique, an all zero-waste brand which is now available at Target, which sells bar versions of many of the aforementioned items, as well as bar body scrubs, foot balm, and more.

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Zero-Waste Toothpaste, Toothbrushes, and More

A super easy zero-waste swap is switching to a bamboo toothbrush, which usually costs about the same as a plastic toothbrush and can be composted (minus the bristles) at its end of life. For more tips on zero-waste oral care, like zero-waste mouthwash, toothpaste, and more, click here for our guide.

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Zero-Waste Dish Soap and Sponges

Instead of buying liquid dish soap in a small, single-use bottle, you have a few easy options. If your bulk store has dish soap or Castile soap in bulk, that would be a totally zero-waste route. You can also invest in your own bulk-sized bottle of Castile soap, which can be diluted with water to be used as dish soap. Additionally, you can order a bar of dish washing soap online, from companies like No Tox Life. And if you have a dishwasher, consider using biodegradable pods from Dropps.

For a few suggestions of zero-waste alternatives to sponges and plastic bottle brushes, click here for our guide.

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Zero-Waste Cleaning Products

Just like with your dishes, you can use diluted Castile soap to clean your home. Another popular zero-waste cleaning alternative is an all-purpose vinegar spray. You can make this by simply combining one part distilled white vinegar with one part water, and putting it in a spray bottle — and make it even fancier by steeping citrus peels in the vinegar, to infuse your cleaning spray with a citrus scent.

Additionally, baking soda is another great zero-waste tool to always have on hand — it’s great at cleaning numerous things around the house.

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Zero-Waste Laundry Detergent, Fabric Softener, and Dryer Sheets

If you’re willing to go DIY with your detergent, check out this three-ingredient, no-cook laundry detergent recipe from the blog Live Planted. Instead of fabric softener, consider using distilled white vinegar; and in lieu of single-use, chemical-laden dryer sheets, look into reusable dryer balls, like Buddha Bunz's vegan dryer balls made from bamboo. And of course, Green Matters has a guide to establishing a zero-waste laundry routine

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