Within hours of being sworn in on Wednesday, Jan. 20, President Joe Biden overturned several Trump-era environmental policies for the good of planet Earth.
Most notably, he signed an executive order to rejoin the Paris Agreement, and also published an Executive Order on Protecting Public Health and the Environment and Restoring Science to Tackle the Climate Crisis. The order details a number of executive actions the Biden administration is taking in relation to the environment, public health, and the climate crisis.
Let’s take a look at a few of the policies Biden implemented his first week (and really, since his first day) in office.
Biden rejoined the Paris Climate Agreement.
As mentioned above, on Inauguration Day, Biden submitted the paperwork to rejoin the Paris Agreement. A full 30 days later, on Feb. 19, 2021, the U.S. will officially be a party of the landmark climate accord once again. We formally left the accord on Nov. 4, 2020, nearly four years after Trump announced intent to withdraw.
Biden canceled the Keystone XL pipeline.
Another of Biden’s 17 executive actions from Day One include canceling construction of the Keystone XL pipeline, a polluting oil pipeline that has been the subject of political controversy for years. After former president Barack Obama rejected the proposal for the Keystone expansion in 2015, Trump signed an executive order his first week in office overturning those orders and giving the pipeline the green light.
Fortunately, Americans need no longer worry about the Keystone XL project — but there are still plenty of other pipelines for us to worry about. According to the American Petroleum Institute, there are more than 190,000 miles of liquid petroleum pipelines running through the U.S., so we hope to see proper action against those, as well.
Biden is halting oil leases in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Environmental groups and the Gwich'in Nation are celebrating one of U.S. President Biden’s first executive orders – a moratorium on oil and gas drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska.— APTN News (@APTNNews) January 21, 2021
The 7.6 million hectare reserve is home to many endangered species. pic.twitter.com/SjLK8AngKJ
Biden also signed an executive action temporarily prohibiting leasing land for fossil fuel drilling in Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Trump had opened the ANWR’s land up to leasing during his term, much to the dismay of conservationists and the Indigenous Gwich’in people, who consider the land sacred.
In fact, a group of environmental organizations filed two lawsuits against Trump’s agencies for greelighting oil drilling in the pristine ANWR.
Biden is reinstating protections for the Marine National Monument.
In June 2020, Trump removed Obama-era protections for the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, a 4,913-square-mile area of water off New England’s coast. This reversal opened the area — and its expansive biodiversity, rare coral reefs, and endangered marine animals — up to commercial fishing.
Biden has ordered several federal agencies to review Trump’s policies here, which will hopefully result in the restoration of the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument as a national monument, protecting the area from commercial fishing. The NRDC applauded the Biden team for announcing this review of the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument.
The Biden administration will investigate Trump’s 100+ environmental rollbacks.
This is a time for boldness and President Biden is already delivering.— Barack Obama (@BarackObama) January 21, 2021
By rejoining the Paris climate accords on day one, he declared loudly and clearly that the U.S. will once again lead the fight against climate change.
And this is only the beginning. https://t.co/6cSS49lkyx
Biden has also ordered agency reviews of the 100+ environmental rollbacks the Trump administration made over the past four years. Gina McCarthy, the new White House Climate Coordinator, will supervise this process, as reported by E&E News.
The above-mentioned Paris Agreement, Keystone XL pipeline, and ANWR leasing were all part of the more than 100 environmental policies Trump changed while in office, and even though Biden was able to quickly sign executive actions overturning these rules, the remaining rules may not be changed as swiftly.
Former EPA lawyer Kevin Minoli told The New York Times that it could take several years for the Biden administration to undo all of Trump’s environmental work.
Hopefully Biden is able to restore at least few more needed protections much sooner than that — but no matter how long it takes, reversing most of these Trump-era environmental rollbacks is going to be key in maintaining the goals of the Paris Agreement, fighting the climate crisis, and protecting our nation’s lands, animals, and people.