Steven Spielberg's Oscar-winning masterpiece Jaws famously caused a (mostly unfounded) shark panic in the '70s and beyond, as anxious beachgoers refused to dip their toes into dark, ambiguous waters.
Not only did Jaws — based on Peter Benchley's 1974 novel of the same name — shape the public's perception of the cold-blooded ocean dwellers, but it likely caused a rise in great white trophy hunting.
According to the International Wildlife Museum, the odds of getting fatally attacked by a shark are one in 3,748,067. And while death via lightning (one in 79,746) is still more likely than death via shark chompers, the world saw an increase in shark attacks in 2021 "following three consecutive years of decline," NBC wrote. More specifically, New York experienced a dramatic rise in unprovoked attacks in 2022, which experts connected to a combination of conservation efforts and climate change.
In 2023, there have been a handful of gnarly shark attacks since a 19-foot great white decapitated a diver off the coast of Mexico on Jan. 5, reportedly the first fatal attack of the year. Let's relive some of the most bone-chilling shark bite incidents that turned the water red in 2023.
On Dec. 2, 2023, a woman was killed in a shark attack at a beach resort in Mexico.
According to CNN, on Dec. 2, 2023, a woman was found dead in Melaque Bay, Mexico. A statement from Civil Protection on Facebook confirms that she was found dead at the scene.
The New York Post reported that the woman has been identified as Maria Fernandez Martinez Jimenez, a former marine biology student, who was playing with her daughter in the water when a shark attacked.
Ms. Jimenez seemingly pushed her daughter onto a play platform to get her out of the water when the creature bit her in the hip. Ultimately, Jimenez died from her wounds. Her daughter is unharmed.
On Dec. 4, 2023, a woman visiting the Bahamas was killed in a shark attack while paddleboarding.
An American visiting the Bahamas from Boston was killed on Dec. 4, 2023, when she was attacked by a shark while paddle boarding, per CNN. The Royal Bahamas Police Force issued a news release about her death, stating, "Preliminary reports indicate that the victim, along with a male relative, was paddle boarding away from the shoreline in waters at the rear of a resort in western New Providence when she was bitten by a shark."
A nearby lifeguard saw the incident and attempted to rescue both the victim and her relative. Unfortunately, by the time the lifeguard was administering CPR, it was too late.
On Oct. 2, 2023, a swimmer was reported missing in wake of a shark attack.
52-year-old surfer and tech CEO Louis N'jai was swimming with two friends near Wildcat Beach at Point Reyes National Seashore in Marin County, Calif., when a shark reportedly attacked him, reported CBS News.
N'jai's friends witnessed a shark in the water and swam to shore around 10:02 a.m. when they reported their fellow missing. Witnesses recounted the incident to the U.S. Coast Guard, who launched a search and rescue mission on Oct. 2, 2023, after N'jai's friends reported a large pool of blood in the water.
As of Oct. 6, N'jai remains missing, as the National Park Service is "scaling back" its search efforts. "A shark was seen, but an attack has yet to be confirmed," the U.S. Coast Guard told FOX KTVU, emphasizing that although a shark was spotted by witnesses, without the victim's body or signs of an attack, they cannot say for certain it was a shark attack.
Sailors were rescued after "several" shark attacks on Sept. 6, 2023.
On Sept. 6, 2023, marine authorities in Australia rescued a 29-foot inflatable catamaran around 1:30 a.m. local time after someone on board the inflatable vessel sent out a distress signal. The vessel and its occupants were en route from the South Pacific to Queensland, Australia.
When rescue crews finally reached the catamaran, there were three people on board: two Russians and one French citizen. The vessel had been damaged from "several shark attacks," reported USA Today. Thankfully, no injuries were reported.
A shark left a woman in critical condition after an attack on Rockaway Beach on Aug. 8, 2023.
On Aug. 8, 2023, Rockaway Beach in New York City closed early after a shark bit a 65-year-old woman in the leg. The woman was wading near Beach 59th Street shortly before 6 p.m., a spokesperson for the NYPD told Gothamist. She "felt a sharp pain to her lower left leg causing her to fall backwards into the water" and was rescued by lifeguards, who applied a tourniquet to her leg.
The woman was taken to Jamaica Hospital "in stable but serious condition." Gothamist also reports that the area where the woman was wading was monitored by lifeguards and for all intents and purposes, she was abiding by the rules of the beach.
A surfer was attacked by a shark just north of Waikiki in Honolulu, Hawaii, on April 9, 2023.
A 58-year-old surfer named Mike Morita was peacefully riding the waves off Kewalo Basin on Oahu during the morning of April 9, 2023. Little did he know, a bloodthirsty beast was lurking in the water, ready to nip at his right leg. After the attack, the man managed to make it back to shore, where local surfers created a tourniquet for his bloody wound. He was transported to the hospital in "serious condition."
Morita survived the attack, though he lost his right foot, according to a GoFundMe page set up by his son and daughter to raise money for medical expenses.
Per Hawaii News Now, officials from the state's Department of Land and Natural Resources believe the victim was targeted by an 8-foot tiger shark. Additionally, they revealed there were earlier reports of a nearby shark "acting aggressively."
“I mean sharks, we’re going into their home. Although we don’t really want that to happen, it’s always a possibility but this is really sad that it happened to that man," Honolulu resident Christie Ocolasurdo shared.
A swimmer had a run-in with a shark at Anaeho'omalu Bay off Hawaii's Big Island on March 19, 2023.
As a 62-year-old Utah man was swimming about 600 feet from the shore in South Kohala on March 19, he felt a shark nibble his left hand. As he fought back, the creature took a bite out of the back of his left knee.
Though he was surely in a state of panic, the man was able to swim to the safety of a nearby catamaran. Its crew helped the victim out of the water and controlled his bleeding as they awaited first responders.
The man was promptly taken to the North Hawaii Hospital. Authorities relayed that the shark's type and size remains unknown.
Following the incident, the Division of Aquatic Resources removed "shark warning" signs at the A-Bay and replaced them with "shark sighted" signs.
According to United Press International, this marks the Big Island's fifth shark bite since September 2021.
An Australian tourist was killed by a tiger shark in the French Pacific territory of New Caledonia on Feb. 19, 2023.
When a 59-year-old man was swimming about 500 feet from the shore at a Nouméa beach on Feb. 19, a shark, believed to be a 13-foot tiger shark, swooped in and attacked. The macropredator bit the victim's arms and legs numerous times before two lifeguards rushed him back to shore on a jet ski. The New York Post wrote that the victim appeared unresponsive by the time he reached the sand.
Sadly, life faded from his eyes on the beach and he was taken away on a stretcher.
“It happened so close to shore, the poor victim was face down in the water when the jet ski got to him,” a Hotel Chateau Royal guest stated, as per The Daily Mail.
“There was blood everywhere, we could see it from the beach. So many people were in the water at the same time and they’d only reopened the beach a few days ago.”
According to The BBC, this was the third shark attack in the area in a three-week span. The beach had only been reopened for three days following the Jan. 29 attack of 49-year-old teacher Bridgette Do, who lost her leg to a shark.
With a population of just 270,000 people, New Caledonia ranks 13th globally for the total number of shark attacks, per the Florida Museum of Natural History.
A great white shark fatally attacked a diver off the coast of Mexico on Jan. 5, 2023.
As mentioned, this brutal incident was the first shark attack of 2023 to end in death. The tragedy occurred when 53-year-old Manuel Lopez was harvesting ax tripe off Benito Juárez in Sonora. The mollusks are typically found at depths of 36 to 59 feet, and Lopez reportedly hunted without an oxygen tank (he had a surface supplied air source).
According to Tracking Sharks, the turbulence and sounds produced by Lopez's excursion may have attracted the 19-foot great white, which ripped his head clean off.
“He was diving when the animal attacked him, impressively ripping off his head and biting both shoulders,” witness Jose Bernal told the publication. "Local divers had been warned about the presence of sharks in the area, and most had not been out for several days.”
Lopez was reportedly in need of money, as he decided to ignore the warnings in hopes of turning a profit.
As for why the ocean predator zeroed in on Lopez, it's possible that his wetsuit resembled the skin of a seal. When sharks mistake humans for the tasty marine mammals, they often take "experimental" bites. In this case, the curious munch proved disastrous.
This article, originally published on April 11, 2023, has been updated.